The origins of the cult of Shiva go back to the Buddhist and Vedic periods. Shiva represents the cosmic consciousness, the static masculine principle of the universe, the oppositional Shakti, the dynamic feminine principle of the universe.
The five divine roles of Shiva are: creation, support, dissolution, concealment and bestowing grace.
The main mantra of Shiva is "Om namah Shiva",
In Vedic Brahmanism, Rudra-Shiva is not worshipped, but is asked to retire and not harm[
He is depicted most often sitting in the lotus position, with white skin, with a blue neck, with tangled or twisted hair on top of his head (jata), wearing a snake on his neck, head, arms and legs (as bracelets), on a belt and thrown over his shoulder (as an analogue of the sacred cord).
There is a third eye on the forehead
Statuette of dancing Shiva Nataraja
Sati (also Dakshayani) is the daughter of Daksha and the wife of Shiva, described in the Puranic literature of Hinduism.After Daksha insulted Shiva by refusing to invite him to the great sacrifice (yajna), she renounced her father, incinerating her body with yogic flame (according to another version of the myth, she ascended to the sacrificial fire of Daksha's yajna).
Out of grief, Shakti throws herself into the fire and dies.
Enraged, Shiva takes her body and begins to perform his dance of destruction. If Vishnu hadn't stopped him, he would have destroyed the universe.
And he always dances, because his whole life is a dance. And the faster he waves his many arms, the greater the devastation. But here the exuberant dances are replaced by unhurried rhythms: peace appears on Shiva's face, and all the stars that fell from heaven to earth return to their places — harmony and peace are restored in the Universe.
Later, she was born in the Himavata family (the personification of the Himalayan mountain range) under the name Parvati (lit. "mountain girl", "daughter of the mountains") and by great austerities again won the love of Shiva.The sons of Shiva and Parvati are the god of war Skanda and the god of learning Ganesha, as well as the daughter of Manasi.
In Judaism, he is the supreme god — Parasiva — creator, sustainer and destroyer, defender of righteousness, conqueror of demons, giver of all goods and ruler of all things, to whom all other gods obey;
Shiva is considered the creator of the sacred sound ("om") and Sanskrit, the language of the cult; has the hypostasis of a healer and deliverer from death (Mahamrityunjaya); his retinue are spirits and demons who accompany him of their own free will.
statue of Nandi, the white bull. This animal is one of the most common means of transportation of Shiva. It symbolizes pure dharma, as well as sincerity, devotion and courage.
Lingam in Sanskrit means "sign, mark". This is a cylindrical sculpture with a round, rarely hemispherical top. Many researchers tend to see it as a symbol of an erect phallus. Ancient Hindus considered lingam an abstract image of a deity.
There is a special ritual that includes washing the lingam, reciting mantras and offering sacrificial fruits, flowers, incense and other permitted items.