Under the ceiling of the first room there is a chandelier made of multicolored glass, symbolically depicting the sun. The ceiling vaults are decorated with mosaics with bizarre patterns, symbolizing the blue sky - Tengri.
Before the adoption of the world religions - Islam, Christianity and Buddhism, the Turks (and Mongols) had an ancient religion – Tengrianism.
The cult of Tengri is the cult of the Blue Sky — the heavenly Host Spirit, the Eternal Sky, whose permanent habitat was the visible sky. The great conqueror Genghis Khan revered Tengri.
The element of the coat of arms of Genghis Khan is a steppe falcon with the sign of the rotifer inside (the sign of the sun, rotating clockwise, turning into a disk scattering rays of light), the bird itself is a symbol of the cross with the opposite rotation, which leads to harmony.
about the presence of the main sacred book of the Tengrians - "Psalter" (Turkic. - "the crown of the altar"), containing the Tengrian canon - customs, rituals and rules according to which it was necessary to turn to God.
Tengri Khan was conceived as a God of truly cosmic proportions, as a single beneficent, omniscient and just. He controlled the destinies of a person, a people, a state. He is the Creator of the world, and He is the world himself. Everything in the universe obeyed Him, including all the celestials, spirits and, of course, people.
An expressive feature of Tengrianism was the allocation of three zones of the Universe: celestial, terrestrial and underground, the Invisible (other) heavenly world looked like a layer cake: of three, nine or more horizontal tiers, each of which was the abode of one or another deity. On the highest tier dwelt the Great Spirit of the Sky - Tengri.The heavenly zone included light and benevolent deities and spirits in relation to man. They moved on horses, so horses were sacrificed to them. In the visible sky, the near-domed one, there were the sun and moon, stars and a rainbow.The middle world, invisible, was inhabited by deities and spirits of the surrounding nature: the masters of mountains, forests, waters, passes, springs, and other objects, as well as the spirits of deceased kams. They ruled the visible world and were closest to people.
The lower, underworld, invisible, was a concentration of evil forces led by the powerful deity Erlik. It was also multi-layered, but had a limit and was inhabited by people whose life span in the middle world had ended.
"... When there was neither earth nor sky, but only one vast ocean. One day, a White Light appeared inside the ocean, from which a shining golden egg was formed. The god Tengri, the progenitor of the whole World, slept inside him. He slept for a very long time, millions and millions of years, and then one day he woke up. Tengri broke the egg shell and went outside. From the upper part of the egg, Tengri created the Sky, and from the lower part he made the Earth" -
However, in the world created by Tengri, disorder and chaos reigned. The heavenly bodies did not know how and where to move, the winds could not moderate their character and strength, thunder rumbled all the time and hurricanes raged. Then Tengri took his staff and fixed it between heaven and earth. Time and space "spun" around him, so the World Order was established. We can see the point where the staff enters the sky every night – this is the fixed Polar Star, which the Turks call the Heavenly Stake.
The world created by Tengri is divided into three parts: the upper – heavenly (the world of gods and light spirits); the middle – earthly (the world of people, animals and nature spirits); and the lower – underground (the world of the insidious underground lord, dark spirits and demons).
They are kept on the World Axis – a sacred tree with golden branches and leaves.
in trees growing in sacred (or memorable) places, pieces of cloth are tied on the branches "for good luck".
A person is free to live his life as he wants, but everyone will be rewarded according to their merits. If he was righteous, kind, just, honest, then after his death, Kut will go back to heaven, and if he violated n
French historian Jean Paul Roux, who studied the ancient religion of the Turks, wrote: "These people, being interested in any religion, without hesitation and taking for themselves what they needed, became Christians, Buddhists, Manichaeans, Mazdaists, Muslims. Professing these religions, they retained their original worldview. Not being religious fanatics, not limiting anyone in their beliefs, they showed unprecedented tolerance, understanding and reverence in history."
This is a kind of "genetic memory", in which the main object of worship of the descendants of the Turks is nature itself, as the personification of God, and the main human quality is the ability to live in peace with her, people and oneself.